Baylor University Joseph D. White

Strangler fig "trees" along the Amazon River.  Strangler vines have engulfed original host trees completely leaving shadow trees.  Lower canopy level is the maximum river rise height during the rainy season.

photo Joseph D. White

"It is interesting to contemplate a tangled bank, clothed with many plants of many kinds, with birds singing in the bushes, with various insects flitting about, and with worms crawling through the damp earth, and to reflect that these elaborately constructed forms, so different from each other, and dependent upon each other in so complex a manner, have all been produced by laws acting around us." - Charles Darwin

Contact Information:
Joseph D. White, Ph.D.
Associate Professor 
Department of Biology
Baylor University
One Bear Place #97388
Waco, TX 76798-7388
Tel: 254.710.2911; Fax: -2969
Joseph D


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